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Booker blazes away

Posted by Richard Sunday, April 18, 2010

Struggling through the knee-deep ash, choking on the toxic fumes drifting in on the north-westerly wind, one staggered home this morning from the newsagent to the blessed relief of the tank of oxygen and the inhaler, then to address the intellectual fog to which the Booker devotes his column, addressing as he does the Oxburgh report.

Headed, "Climategate: a scandal that won't go away", he takes a somewhat different line from my post, where I suggested a more tactical line, capitalising on the weak criticism of the CRU offered by the egregious and thoroughly dishonest Lord.

No such subtlety troubles Booker though. He goes in full frontal, both barrels blazing, lobbing grenades with gay abandon on the way.

One of those "grenades" he so deftly lobs is the study carried out by Donna Laframboise who, with the help of 40 "citizen auditors" from 12 countries, checked out every one of the 18,531 scientific sources cited in the IPCC AR4. Nearly a third of them – 5,587 – were not peer-reviewed at all, but came from newspaper articles, student theses, even propaganda leaflets and press releases put out by green activists and lobby groups.

More damaging, however, Booker asserts, was the report from a team led by Lord Oxburgh on the scientific integrity of the East Anglia Climatic Research Unit (CRU).

Two sets of evidence, he reminds us, have been used more than anything else to drive the worldwide scare over global warming. One is a series of graphs showing how temperatures have suddenly shot up in recent decades to levels historically unprecedented. The other is the official record of global surface temperatures. For both of these, the CRU and the key group of top British and American scientists involved in those Climategate emails have been crucially responsible.

Lord Oxburgh himself is linked to various commercial interests which make money from climate change, from wind farms to carbon trading. None of the panel he worked with on his report were climate "sceptics"; and one, Dr Kerry Emanuel, is an outspoken advocate of man-made global warming.

Even so, it was surprising to see just how superficial their inquiry turned out to be, based on two brief visits to the CRU and on reading 11 scientific papers produced by the research unit in the past 24 years, chosen in consultation with the Royal Society (which is itself fanatical in promotion of warming orthodoxy).

The crown jewels of the IPCC's case that the world faces catastrophic warming have been all those graphs based on tree rings which purport to show that temperatures have lately been soaring to levels never known before in history – thus eradicating all the evidence that the world was hotter than today during the Medieval Warm Period, long before any rise in CO2 levels.

Best known of these graphs, of course, was Michael Mann's "hockey stick", comprehensively discredited by the expert Canadian statistician Stephen McIntyre and Professor Ross McKitrick. But the IPCC was able to defend its case with the aid of another set of "hockey sticks", based on different tree rings, produced by Mann’s close allies at the CRU.

The most widely quoted of the Climategate emails was that from the CRU’s director, Philip Jones, saying that he had used "Mike's Nature trick" to "hide the decline". If there was anything in the CRU's record which a proper inquiry should have addressed it was the story behind this email, because what it highlighted was the device used by the CRU to get round the fact that its tree-ring data hopelessly failed to show the result the warmist establishment wanted.

When their Siberian tree rings showed temperatures in the late 20th century sharply dropping rather than rising, the "trick" used by Prof Jones and his colleague Dr Keith Briffa, copied from Mike Mann’s own "hockey stick", was simply to delete the downward curve shown by the tree rings, replacing them with late 20th-century temperature data to show the dramatic warming
they wanted.

The significance of this sleight of hand can scarcely be exaggerated says Booker – and he's right.

Why, in using this misleading graph, did the IPCC not explain the trick that had been played by its leading scientists? If tree rings were so inadequate in reflecting 20th-century temperatures, why should they be relied on to reflect temperatures in earlier centuries? Why, when fresh Siberian tree ring data came to light, making a nonsense of the CRU's earlier temperature reconstructions, did the CRU simply ignore the new data?

Anyone who has followed the meticulous analysis of this curious story by Steve McIntyre on his Climate Audit website might well conclude that we are looking here at a complete travesty of proper scientific procedure, matched only by the bizarre methods used by Mann himself to construct his original hockey stick. Yet these are the men, Mann, Jones and Briffa, who acted as the "lead authors" of the key chapters of the IPCC’s 2001 and 2007 reports.

They quite shamelessly promoted the rewriting of history produced by themselves and a small group of colleagues – the so-called Hockey Team – which the IPCC in turn used as its main evidence to convince the politicians that the world faces unprecedented warming.

Yet scarcely a hint of this hugely important story is contained in the Oxburgh report, which simply glosses it over, hoping to appease critics by throwing in a few vaguely critical comments about how Jones and his team were a trifle "disorganised" in archiving their data. It ignores the utterly damning critiques of the CRU's methodology produced by McIntyre and McKitrick. It does not even begin to question the way the CRU has compiled its global temperature record, relied on by the IPCC as the most authoritative of all the official data sources for surface temperatures.

Yet this in turn has given rise to all sorts of controversies, not least when Prof Jones last year admitted that much of his data had been "lost" (following his repeated refusals of applications to see it by McIntyre and others).

More damaging still was the charge by senior Russian scientists that, in compiling its global record, CRU had cherry-picked the data supplied from Russia, suppressing that from most of the country while retaining the data from the vicinity of cities which, thanks to the "urban heat island" effect, showed a warming trend. So even the accuracy of CRU's temperature record has been called seriously in doubt, although one would never have guessed it from Oxburgh.

As is reflected in so many political tragedies, from Macbeth to Watergate, it is often not the original dark act itself which leads to nemesis but the later attempts to "trammel up the consequence".

Nothing will do more to reinforce suspicion of the CRU's conduct than the failure, first by those MPs, and now by the team led by Lord Oxburgh, to address properly the way in which it appears to have abused the principles of true science – a scandal which should be of concern not just to us here in Britain, who paid for it, but across the world.

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